Laravel框架使用RabbitMQ的方法实例说明

0 2019-8-20 20:48

导语

RabbitMQ 想必大家都有了解,不做多介绍来。这里实现的是用 RabbitMQ 作为 Larvel 队列的驱动,替代 Redis。下面以 Laradock 中安装示例。

安装

  1. 切换到 laradock 目录,将 .env 中关于 INSTALL_AMQP 的值修改为 true

  2. docker-compose stop workspace php-fpm php-worker

  3. docker-compose build workspace php-fpm php-worker rabbitmq

  4. docker-compose up -d workspace php-fpm php-worker rabbitmq

扩展包安装以及配置

  1. 进入到 workspace 容器中,在项目目录安装扩展包 composer require vladimir-yuldashev/laravel-queue-rabbitmq

  2. 接下来在 config/queue.php 文件中 connections 添加 rabbitmq 配置,根据情况自行修改

'rabbitmq' => [
 
  'driver' => 'rabbitmq',
 
  /*
   * Set to "horizon" if you wish to use Laravel Horizon.
   */
  'worker' => env('RABBITMQ_WORKER', 'default'),
 
  'dsn' => env('RABBITMQ_DSN', null),
 
  /*
   * Could be one a class that implements \Interop\Amqp\AmqpConnectionFactory for example:
   * - \EnqueueAmqpExt\AmqpConnectionFactory if you install enqueue/amqp-ext
   * - \EnqueueAmqpLib\AmqpConnectionFactory if you install enqueue/amqp-lib
   * - \EnqueueAmqpBunny\AmqpConnectionFactory if you install enqueue/amqp-bunny
   */
 
  'factory_class' => Enqueue\AmqpLib\AmqpConnectionFactory::class,
 
  'host' => env('RABBITMQ_HOST', '127.0.0.1'),
  'port' => env('RABBITMQ_PORT', 5672),
 
  'vhost' => env('RABBITMQ_VHOST', '/'),
  'login' => env('RABBITMQ_LOGIN', 'guest'),
  'password' => env('RABBITMQ_PASSWORD', 'guest'),
 
  'queue' => env('RABBITMQ_QUEUE', 'default'),
 
  'options' => [
 
    'exchange' => [
 
      'name' => env('RABBITMQ_EXCHANGE_NAME'),
 
      /*
       * Determine if exchange should be created if it does not exist.
       */
 
      'declare' => env('RABBITMQ_EXCHANGE_DECLARE', true),
 
      /*
       * Read more about possible values at https://www.rabbitmq.com/tutorials/amqp-concepts.html
       */
 
      'type' => env('RABBITMQ_EXCHANGE_TYPE', \Interop\Amqp\AmqpTopic::TYPE_DIRECT),
      'passive' => env('RABBITMQ_EXCHANGE_PASSIVE', false),
      'durable' => env('RABBITMQ_EXCHANGE_DURABLE', true),
      'auto_delete' => env('RABBITMQ_EXCHANGE_AUTODELETE', false),
      'arguments' => env('RABBITMQ_EXCHANGE_ARGUMENTS'),
    ],
 
    'queue' => [
 
      /*
       * Determine if queue should be created if it does not exist.
       */
 
      'declare' => env('RABBITMQ_QUEUE_DECLARE', true),
 
      /*
       * Determine if queue should be binded to the exchange created.
       */
 
      'bind' => env('RABBITMQ_QUEUE_DECLARE_BIND', true),
 
      /*
       * Read more about possible values at https://www.rabbitmq.com/tutorials/amqp-concepts.html
       */
 
      'passive' => env('RABBITMQ_QUEUE_PASSIVE', false),
      'durable' => env('RABBITMQ_QUEUE_DURABLE', true),
      'exclusive' => env('RABBITMQ_QUEUE_EXCLUSIVE', false),
      'auto_delete' => env('RABBITMQ_QUEUE_AUTODELETE', false),
      'arguments' => env('RABBITMQ_QUEUE_ARGUMENTS'),
    ],
  ],
 
  /*
   * Determine the number of seconds to sleep if there's an error communicating with rabbitmq
   * If set to false, it'll throw an exception rather than doing the sleep for X seconds.
   */
 
  'sleep_on_error' => env('RABBITMQ_ERROR_SLEEP', 5),
 
  /*
   * Optional SSL params if an SSL connection is used
   * Using an SSL connection will also require to configure your RabbitMQ to enable SSL. More details can be founds here: https://www.rabbitmq.com/ssl.html
   */
 
  'ssl_params' => [
    'ssl_on' => env('RABBITMQ_SSL', false),
    'cafile' => env('RABBITMQ_SSL_CAFILE', null),
    'local_cert' => env('RABBITMQ_SSL_LOCALCERT', null),
    'local_key' => env('RABBITMQ_SSL_LOCALKEY', null),
    'verify_peer' => env('RABBITMQ_SSL_VERIFY_PEER', true),
    'passphrase' => env('RABBITMQ_SSL_PASSPHRASE', null),
  ],
 
],

在 .env 中修改 QUEUE_CONNECTION 为 rabbitmq ,并添加以下值

RABBITMQ_WORKER=horizon
RABBITMQ_HOST=rabbitmq
RABBITMQ_PORT=5672
RABBITMQ_LOGIN=guest
RABBITMQ_PASSWORD=guest
RABBITMQ_QUEUE=default

有两个值说明一下,因为是在 Laradock 中,所以 RABBITMQ_HOST 设置为 rabbitmq ;如果之前使用了Laravel Horizon,那么 RABBITMQ_WORKER 的设置为 horizon 就可以了。

参考资料:laravel-queue-rabbitmq 

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持猪先飞。